Stack Arms

       Правильная постановка ружей в положение «Stack Arms», выполняется достаточно просто с одной стороны, но требует практики и может вызвать некоторые затруднения с другой. Естественно реализация «Stack Arms»  не возможна без штыка. Конечно можно выставить «пирамиду» и произвольный образом, но это не будет является аутентичным, к чему мы естественно все стремимся.

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         В первую очередь следует обратится к «руководствам». В первом издании Hardee’s от 1855 года речи как таковой о штыках не идет и соответственно он не дает порядок выполнения «Stack Arms» с их использованием. В новом издании он уже описывает выполнением «Stack Arms» с использованием штыков. Но мы обратим свой взор на Casey’s manual. Выполнение «Stack Arms» отличается от описанного Hardee, но почти идентичен описанному в Scott, Gilham, Baxter manuals. 

From Casey:
425. At the command stack arms, the front-rank man of every evennumbered tile will pass his piece before him, seizing it with the left hand above the middle band, and place the butt behind and near the right foot of the man next on the left the barrel turned to the front. At the same time the front-rank man of every odd-numbered file will pass his piece before him, seizing it with the left hand below the middle band, and hand it to the man next on the left; the latter will receive it with the right hand two inches above the middle band, throw the butt about thirty-two inches to the front, opposite to his right shoulder, inclining the muzzle toward him, and lock the shanks of the two bayonets: the lock of this second piece toward the right, and its shank above that of the first piece. The rear-rank man of every even file will other bayonets. He will then abandon the piece to his file leader, who will receive it with the right hand under the middle band, bring the butt to the front, holding up his own piece and the stack with the left hand, and place the butt of this third piece between the feet of the man next on the right, the S plate to the rear. The stack thus formed, the rear-rank man of every odd file will pass his piece into his left hand, the barrel turned to the front and sloping the bayonet forward, rest it on the stack.

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From Gilham:
17. At this command, the front rank man of every even numbered file will pass his musket before him,
seizing it with the left hand above the middle band, and place the butt behind and near the right foot of the man next on the left, the barrel turned to the front.

At the same time the front rank man of every odd numbered file will pass his musket before him, seizing it with the left hand below the middle band, and hand it to the man next on the left. The latter will receive it with the right hand two inches above the middle band, throw the butt about thirty-two inches to the front, opposite to his right shoulder, incline the muzzle towards him, and lock the shanks of the two bayonets. The lock of this second musket is towards the right, and its shank above that of the first musket. The rear rank man of every even file will project his bayonet forward, and introduce it (using both hands) between and under the shanks of the two other bayonets. He will then abandon the musket to his file leader, who will receive it with the right hand under the middle band, bring the butt to the front, holding up his own musket and the stack with the left hand, and place the butt of this third musket between the feet of the man next on the right, the S plate to the rear.

The stack thus formed, the rear rank man of every odd file will pass his musket into his left hand, the barrel turned to the front and, sloping the bayonet forward, rest it on the stack

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From Scott:

415. At the command stack arms, the front rank man of every even numbered file will pass his piece before him, seizing it with the left hand above the middle band, and place the butt behind and near the right foot of the man next on the left, the barrel turned to the front. At the same time, the front rank man of every odd numbered file will pass his piece before him, seizing it with the left hand below the middle band, and hand it to the man next on the left; the latter will receive it with the right hand two inches above the middle band, throw the butt about thirty-two inches to the front, opposite to his right shoulder, inclining the muzzle towards him, and lock the shanks of the two bayonets: the lock of this second piece towards the right, and its shank above that of the first piece. The rear rank man of every even file will project his bayonet forward, and introduce it (using both hands) between and under the shanks of the other two bayonets. He will then abandon the piece to his file leader, who will receive it with the right hand under the middle band, bring the butt to the front, holding up his own piece and the stack with his left hand, and place the butt of this third piece between the feet of the man next on the right, the S plate to the rear. The stack thus formed, the rear rank man of every odd file will pass his piece into his left hand, the barrel turned to the front, and, sloping the bayonet forward, rest it on the stack

9th Mississippi Infantry in camp in Pensacola, Florida9th Mississippi Infantry in camp in Pensacola, Florida

From Baxter:

At this command, the front man of every even numbered file, will pass his piece before him, seize it with the left hand above the middle band, turn it barrel to the front, and place the butt outside of and near to the left foot, nearly opposite the right shoulder. At the same time the front rank man of every odd numbered file, will pass his piece before him into his left hand a little below the middle band, hand opposite to and at the height of the elbow which should be close to the body.

 The even numbered files of the front rank will then seize the piece of the odd file on his right with the thumb and first two fingers of the right hand, two inches above the middle band, carry, without turning it, opposite his right shoulder, swing the butt to the front and set it thirty-six inches in front of the right heel, barrel towards you, lock the shanks of both bayonets and press muzzles to the right. Every even numbered file of the rear rank will project his bayonet forward and insert it through the opening below the shanks of the other two, bringing the three shanks together without shock, holding his piece with both hands and advancing his right foot for that purpose. When the front rank man of his file seizes it with his right hand between the tail and middle bands, brings it to the front and places the butt between the feet of the man on his right, (Fig. 103). Every odd numbered file of the rear rank will pass his piece into his left hand, barrel turned to the front, and place it against the stack, advancing his left foot for that purpose.

StackBayonet Stack – image from Baxter’s Drill manual. Figure 103. 

И так, для выполнения «Stack ARMS» требуется минимум 3 человека. Но мы будем рассматривать стандартный вариант, когда задействовано 4 человека.

Действие первое:

По команде «Stack ARMS», каждый четный номер в первой шеренге (будем называть его «лидер»), перехватывает свое ружье в левую руку, спусковым курком к себе, и ставит его у левой ноги, наклонив ствол под углом 45 градусов от себя.

Действие второе:

Каждый нечетный номер в первой шеренге передает свое ружье, не меняя его положения, четному номеру «лидеру» слева от него.

Действие третье:

«Лидер», получив ружье, выставляет его прикладом вперед и упирая его в землю, на 32 дюйма от себя, напротив своего плеча. А затем прикладывает свое ружье (которое находится у него слева), прислоняя свой штык к штыку ружья справа, перехватив правое ружье в левую руку за верхнее цевьё.

Действие четвертое:

Четный номер второй шеренги, взяв ружье двумя руками, продевает свой штык под получившимся перекрещиванием предыдущих двух штыков. А затем передает ружье стоящему перед ним передним четному  номеру «лидеру» в правую руку.

Действие пятое:

Далее «Лидер», заносит приклад полученного ружья в правую сторону и ставит его у ног стоящего справа от него нечетного номера.

Действие шестое:

Нечетный номер второй шеренги, левой рукой, ставит своё ружье в «пирамиду». Готово

Естественно, пока это не будет отработано на практике, разобраться относительно не просто. Для полноты восприятия публикуется видео, сделанное нашими Американскими коллегами из 124th New York State Volunteers, где детально показано выполнение «Stack ARMS»

Опубликовано:

D.Cordell для www.blueandgray.ru © 2014

One thought on “Stack Arms

  1. Скажу по собственному опыту, после 3-5 круговых (т.е. каждым номером поочередно) тренировок, все становится ясно и уже выполняется без проблем

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